When deciding whether to become an Airbnb Host, it's important for you to understand the laws in your city. As a platform and marketplace we don't provide legal advice, but we want to provide some useful links that may help you better understand laws and regulations in Montreal. This list isn't exhaustive, but it should give you a good start in understanding your local laws. If you have questions, contact the CITQ, who is charged with handling tourist accommodation registrations, the Régie du logement, other relevant agencies or consult a local lawyer or tax professional where necessary.
In the province of Quebec, the laws provide a distinction between those providing a tourist accommodation in their principal residence and those providing a tourist accommodation outside of their principal residence.
- Registration. A classification certificate is required by the province to be obtained via the CITQ by any person offering a tourist accommodation in their principal and/or secondary residence for rent to tourists, in return for payment, for periods of 31 days or less. You can consult the Tourisme Québec website for details on how to register an application for a classification certificate. This applies also to Hosts operating in the Montreal area.
This law also requires that all Hosts display their registration number on their listing. To add this number to your listing, go to Listings, select the listing you want, and add your number under Regulations.
- Business licensing. A permit or certificate is required for certain types of businesses in Montreal. You should review these requirements to determine if they apply to your activity. Further information on permits and certificates in each borough is available here.
- Zoning laws. Regulations on zoning in a municipality in the province of Quebec may apply to your listing. In the case of Montreal, the Master Plan explains the city's planning and development vision, including land use and building density policies in Part 1, Chapter 3.1. In Part II, the Master Plan contains information for individual boroughs, including land use designation. Zoning and other urban planning by-laws for the city of Montreal are available here.
- Taxes. Under An Act respecting the Québec sales tax, a tax on lodging applies each time an accommodation unit is rented for more than six hours and up to 31 consecutive days in most tourism regions in Quebec, including Montreal, as explained on the Revenu Québec website. The province of Quebec and the municipalities collect various other taxes that may apply to residents renting out accommodation units. Find more information on provincial administration of taxes and municipal taxes for Montreal.
Please note that since October 1, 2017, Airbnb has been automatically collecting the 3.5% tax on lodging on behalf of Airbnb Hosts. This tax is collected on all bookings that are fewer than 30 consecutive days made on the Airbnb platform in any of Quebec’s 22 tourist regions and is remitted to the Province of Quebec. For more information on this collection agreement, visit the Revenu Québec website.
- Other rules. It is also important to understand and abide by other contracts or rules that bind you, such as leases, condo board or co-op rules, HOA rules, or rules established by tenant organizations. Please read all relevant documentation carefully and contact the people necessary to ensure you respect the terms of your agreement(s).
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